How Nations are Formed: A Look at Turkey The famous lecturer Ernest Renan said over a century ago that nations weren’t just a convenience based on geographic boundaries, race or religion but instead he explained a theory of national consciousness that came from a foundation of collective memories (3). At the time his lecture challenged the thoughts of theorists at the time who tied in the idea of nationalism as a fulfillment of a group of people’s desire to be different (Renan 3). He believed that cultures were not a given, a process that evolves naturally but instead was something that was forged through collective action and a shared history of significance (Renan 5). Today’s theories are not as loosely defined – Renan deliberately left...The end:
.....ce, Culture and Power: New Identities in Globalizing Cities, London: Zed Books. 1997. Print. Renan, Ernest. "What is a Nation?" in Eley , Geoff and Suny , Ronald Grigor , ed. 1996. Becoming National: A Reader. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996:41 – 55. Print. Stokes, M. Sounding Out: The Culture Industries and the Globalization of Istanbul. In C. Keyder (ed.), Istanbul: Between the Global and the Local, Oxford, UK: Rowman and LIttlefield Publishers. 1999. Print. Subasi , N. Critical Approaches to the Pra . The Muslim World, 98.2/3. (2008): Print. 264+ Tokath , N., & Erkip , F. Foreign Investment in Producer Services: the Turkish Experience in the post 1980 Period. Third World Planning Review 20.1: (1998). Print. 87-105.