Hospitality Considered in Alberuni’s and Marco Polo’s "India" Hospitality is traditionally an important part of Indian culture. As a tenet, it can be traced back to the time of the Kural, i.e., around the 11th or 12th century, and probably much earlier (Caldwell, A Comparative Grammar of the Dravidian or South-Indian Family of Languages, p. 131). However, as the travel writings of Alberuni and Marco Polo reveal, there were just as many – if not more – instances of in-hospitality in Indian culture, a consequence, it would seem, of rigid caste rules and superstition among the natives. This paper will examine how these twin factors of caste rigidity and superstition had the regrettable effect of degrading Indian culture and actually...The end:
.....erpts from The Travels of Marco Polo” from The Travels of Marco Polo, Ronald Latham, trans., Folio Society, © 1968, 2 pages, 221-239. Reproduced in Course Kit for India: Life, Culture and the Arts with the permission of Folio Society. Course Kit: pp. 259-269. Rubinoff, Janet. Course director. Course Kit for India: Life, Culture and the Arts (AP/HUMA 2440 9.OA). Summer 2010. York University Bookstore. Tiruvalluvar. “Excerpts from The Kural” from The Kural, P.S. Sundaram, trans. Penguin Group (USA) Inc., © 1992, 17, 20, 23-25, 32-33, 40-41, 50-51, 57, 76-77, 84-85, 111-113, 131-137, 142-143, 150-151, 154-155. Reproduced in Course Kit for India: Life, Culture and the Arts with the permission of Penguin Group (USA) Inc. Course Kit: pp. 161-181.