Hobbes, Leviathan and Laws of Nature Thomas Hobbes sets up an interesting argument in “Chapter XV: Of Other Laws of Nature” of Leviathan. He makes the claim that good and evil may be understood in two ways. The first way is characterized by subjectivity: “Good and evil are names that signify our appetites and aversions, which in different tempers, customs, and doctrines of men are different” (100). The second is marked by a connection to objectivity: that is, things that “all men agree on” (100). He is able to make this distinction because of a central group of laws – which he terms laws of nature. These objective laws dictate how the human individual should interact with his/ her fellow humans. This brief essay will explain how good and...The end:
.....il are subjective; second, how the laws of nature fix the ideals of good and evil in human society; and third, offer criticism of Hobbes’ technique. Hobbes, in the sections explored, is concerned with laying a strong foundation for an objective understanding of good and evil. To reach the objective, he begins at the subjective. He demonstrates that no matter how subjective human values are, there is always one constant – the individual valuing the good as something ensuring their own safety and protection. Starting from this premise, Hobbes creates a theory of society that begins with the protection the individual. Works Cited Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan: with Selected Variants from the Latin Edition of 1668. Indianapolis: Hackett Pub., 1994.