Gentrification in Toronto Gentrification may be defined as “the reinvestment of urban space for the use of a more affluent clientele” (Hackworth and Rekers , 2005, p. 213). It is a common characteristic of the development of urban areas, and the city of Toronto, the subject of this essay, is no exception. I will examine the process of gentrification in two areas of Toronto, Little Italy and Little Portugal, looking at the complexities of this process and its effects on the neighbourhood and its population. I argue that while gentrification seems to be an inevitable feature of cities, we need to recognize the significant challenges is presents to organizing life in major urban centres, and make support for people displaced by these...The end:
.....rm done by it. Some very practical approaches have focused on housing programs and legislation protecting existing low-income housing (Walks and August, 2008, p. 2617). This is a good start but much work needs to be done. Works Cited Hackworth, J. and Rekers , J. (2005). “Ethnic Packaging and Gentrification: The Case of Four Neighborhoods in Toronto”. Urban Affairs Review 31 (2): 211-236. Murdie , R. and Teixeira, C. (2011). “The Impact of Gentrification on Ethnic Neighbourhoods in Toronto: A Case Study of Little Portugal”. Urban Studies 48 (1): 61-83. Walks, A. and August, M. (2008). “The Factors Inhibiting Gentrification in Areas with Little Non-market Housing: Policy Lessons from the Toronto Experience”. Urban Studies 45 (12): 2594-2625.