Gender, Race and Science in the 18th and 19th Centuries


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Essay #: 073776
Total text length is 7,298 characters (approximately 5.0 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
Gender, Race and Science in the 18th and 19th Centuries
The following paper looks at the social and cultural origins of classifying people and why this classification activity took hold in the 18th and 19th centuries. In particular, the paper that follows looks at why classifying people became a common or privileged activity during the 18th and 19th centuries and why was there an audience for that type of knowledge and expertise? Overall, it is manifest that gender and race were classified as they were in the 18th and 19th centuries because they privileged existing power relations and also privileged specific groups that could this “esoteric” knowledge to consolidate their own standing and their own epistemologies. As much as anything...
The end:
.....n-Americans their full humanity (Douglass, 487-488). Overall, classification is about power, about privileging the knowledge of a select few, and about redefining relations in a way that allows some to tyrannize over others.
To end, the paper above has explored racial and biological classifications and looked at how the world of the 18th and 19th centuries was one in which elites sought to consolidate power by defending racial hierarchies via shoe-horning people into specific boxes. In the current world, we can argue that the same thing occurs in gender politics or in the fashionable intellectual trends of the twenty-first century; people have not yet, as a rule, moved far beyond the attitudes that poisoned American society generations ago.