Gender Identity Disorder in the DSM-V ‘Sex’ describes a collection of biological traits, while ‘gender’ describes a social phenomenon. As such, gender is culturally specific and changes over time. Because many people’s behaviors in modern society challenge strict gender binaries that connect feminine traits with female reproductive organs and male traits with male reproductive organs, “documents like the DSM need to be responsive to the ways in which a society’s notions of gender are evolving” (Johnson and Stewart 18). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is, in fact, a social institution that reinforces gender roles and stereotypes. Furthermore, it affects people’s lived experience profoundly: “psychiatric diagnoses...The end:
.....gender dysphoria are competent to make decisions about their optimum health, then indeed their consultation with surgeons and endocrinologists need be no more controlled by mental health professionals than that of a patient consulting with a plastic surgeon for a purely aesthetic procedure. Works Cited Johnson, Joy and Donna Stewart. “DSM-V: Toward a Gender Sensitive Approach to Psychiatric Diagnosis.” Archives of Women’s Mental Health. 13 (2010): 17-19. Kornstein , Susan. “Gender Issues and DSM-V.” Archives of Women’s Mental Health. 13 (2010): 11-13. Mellry , Todd. “Creating the DSM-V.” Contemporary Sexuality. 43.3 (2009): 1-6. Ross, Colin. “Ethics of Gender Identity Disorder.” Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry. 11.3 (2009): 165-170.