Gender Construction and Performance Introduction Gender and sex are often mistakenly seen as interchangeable by most people. However, the terms describe two completely different phenomena. Schultz and Lavenda (1995) define sex as, “Observable physical characteristics that distinguish two kings of human beings, females and males” (p. 251). In this sense sex is biological in nature. Gender on the other hand tends to be a cultural and social phenomenon. Schultz and Lavenda (1995) define gender as, “The cultural construction of beliefs and behaviours considered appropriate for each sex” (p. 251). Since gender is a social construction it is heavily influenced by a number of social and cultural institutions within a society. As a result...The end:
.....at the top. Gender in Management, 15(5/6), pp. 290-295. Millington, B. and Wilson, B. (2010). Context Masculinities: Media Consumption, Physical Education And Youth Identities. American Behavioral Scientist, 53(11), pp. 1669-1688. Phoenix, A. (2003, Dec.) Neoliberalism and Masculinity. Youth and Society, 36(2), pp. 227-246. Sanford, K. and Blair, H. A. (1999, Spring). TV and Zines: media and the construction of gender for early adolescents. Alberta Journal of Education Research, 45(1), pp. 103-105. Schultz, E.A. and Lavenda, R.H. (1995). Cultural Anthropology. Mayfield Publishing. Walton, T. (2005, Fall). Pinned by Gender Construction?: Media Representation of Girl’s Wrestling. Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal, 14(2), pp. 52-68.