Freud's "The Future of an Illusion" In The Future of an Illusion, Freud conceptualizes the human pull toward religion as a fundamental psychological flaw. This flaw is tied to illusory perceptions of life experiences, which individuals need to perpetuate narcissistic desires. Illusion, through the creation of an idealized world where life does not end, serves as a way to push aside reality. As he writes, the libido “follows the paths of narcissistic needs and attaches itself to the objects which ensure the satisfaction of those needs” (Freud 27). This provides individuals with the hope of constructing a version of life which is wholly focussed on themselves and their interests. Freud likens the development of the religious illusion to a...The end:
.....n a real sense of happiness or safety. The only thing that an individual receives as a consolation and potential source of pleasure is what Freud calls an unconditional submission to the parent-figure, in many cases a father figure who serves equally as a threat. This means that individuals must work towards repressing their aggression towards that father figure as a result. Freud’s judgement of religion in The Future of an Illusion as benign is therefore fundamentally shifted towards a much darker viewpoint, in which Freud admits religion’s purpose in quelling societal aggression, but warns of the psychological damage it perpetuates. References Freud, S. The Future of an Illusion and Civilization and its Discontents. London: Penguin, 1997.