Fertility and Gender Introduction Infertility is the inability of a person, either male or female, to contribute to the conception of a child. There are many causes of fertility, namely physical, psychological and social. As noted by Friese et al. (2008), one of the most significant causes of fertility in the twenty-first century is that women are waiting until they are older to have children, thus making it physically more difficult. In addition, men are being affected by infertility likely due to changes in our diets and the presence of hormones in our food causing a lowering of testosterone. As well, in developing nations fertility rates are dropping because of high incidences of sexually transmitted disease and infection (Unisa, 1999)....The end:
.....d over the long term. References Friese, C., Becker, G. and Nachtigall, R. (2008). Older motherhood and the changing life course in the era of assisted reproductive technologies. Journal of Aging Studies, 22, 65–73. Matsubayashi, H., Hosaka, T., Izumi, S., Suzuki, T., Kondo, A., and Makino, T. (2004). Increased depression and anxiety in infertile Japanese women resulting from lack of husband’s support and feelings of stress. General Hospital Psychiatry, 26, 398–404. Neff, D. (1994). Social Construction of Infertility: The case of the matrilineal Nayars in South India. Social Science Medicine, 39.4, 475-485. Unisa, S. (1999). Childlessness in Andhra Pradesh, India: Treatment-Seeking and Consequences. Reproductive Health Matters, 7.12, 54-64.