Evaluating Environmental Policies 1-Chapter 9 presents six criteria for environmental policies. Discuss the pros and cons of each. The six criteria for environmental policies are efficiency, cost-effectiveness, fairness, incentives for technological innovations, enforceability, and agreement with moral precepts. The advantage of efficiency is that it considers environmental policy across an entire society, rather than on an individual level, so that the environmental policy should work for the greater good, rather than single people who might or might not subscribe to the policy. The weakness of efficiency in policy is that it is not always accurately compared across the board, since it can be either centralized or decentralized, depending...The end:
.....veloped countries, this would be an economically fair and beneficial plan. At the same time, however, this would be much more advantageous to countries that are relatively small and/or already have particular emissions standards in place for the companies within them that produce pollution during manufacturing or cleaning processes. Standard emissions across the globe would not financially benefit larger countries, such as the United States, which while relatively rich, has few federally-mandated standards, and instead relies upon individual state regulations in order to establish polluting emissions standards. It would take much more time and money for larger countries to implement the standards than smaller, less-industrialized countries.