Emergency Management: A Terrorist Attack Simulation

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Essay #: 073468
Total text length is 6,127 characters (approximately 4.2 pages).

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The beginning:
Emergency Management: A Terrorist Attack Simulation
The “Top Officials Exercise” or “TOPOFF 3” was a joint Home Land Security drill involving 27 federal, 30 state and 44 local agencies and departments between April 4–8, 2005. It simulated coordinated terrorist attacks using weapons of mass destruction in multiple locations (OIG, 2005, pp.1-2).
The exercise simulated the release of a communicable/biological agent in Union and Middlesex counties, New Jersey (pneumonic plague), and the release of a chemical/nerve agent (mustard gas) in New London, Connecticut. The exercise was coordinated with others in Britain and Canada. Key players included the Office of Homeland Security and local first responders (OIG, 2005, p.4).
First responders were...
The end:
.....P. (et. al). TOPOFF 3 Comments and Recommendations by Members of New Jersey Universities Consortium for Homeland Security Research. New Jersey Universities Consortium for Homeland Security Research. (Retrieved 11 January 2012). Topoffsubmissions5-18-06pdf
Office of Inspector General (OIS). (November 2005). A Review of the Top Officials 3 Exercise. Department of Homeland Security. Office of Inspections and Special Reviews OIG-06-07. (Retrieved 11 January 2012). www.oig.dhs.gov/assets/Mgmt/OIG_06-07_Nov05.pdf
Santora
, M. (5 April 2005). Two Sates Are ‘Attacked’ in Major Terrorism Drill. The New York Times. (Retrieved 11 January 2012) http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/05/nyregion/05top.html?scp=1&sq=TOPOFF%203%20and%20April%202005&st=cse