Effects of the Drug Khat

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Essay #: 072738
Total text length is 5,172 characters (approximately 3.6 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
Effects of the Drug Khat
Abstract
This paper shall examine current articles concerning the drug Khat, presenting an overview of the components of the plant, its cultural history and its effects, both positive and negative, on individual users and their cultures.
Khat is a plant whose leaves are generally chewed, to a large extent in Arab countries, to provide stimulation similar to amphetamines. It is of the Calastraceae family and its Species is C.edulis. Its primary stimulant component is cathinone. For maximum effect, the drug needs to be fresh.
The plant has a long cultural tradition in Arab cultures, with higher use among men than women. Its effects include euphoria, hyperactivity and insomnia. Although it has been used in these...
The end:
..... Kelly, J. (2008). A review of the neuropharmological properties of khat. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmology & Biological Psychiatry. 32, 1147-1166.
Kimani, ST and Nyongesa, AW. (2008). Effects of single daily khat (catha edulis)extract on spatial learning and memory in CBA mice. Behaviourial Brain Research. 195, 192-197.
Odenwald, M, Warfa, N, Bhui, K and Elbert, T. (2010). The stimulant khat-Another door in the wall? A call for overcoming the barriers. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 132, 615-619.
Odenwald, M, Hinkel, H, Schauer, E, Elbert, T, Nuener, F and Rockstroh, B. (2009). Use of khat and posttraumatic stress disorder as risk factors for psychotic symptoms: A study of Somali combatants. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 69, 1040-1048.