Earthworm Migration Behaviour


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Essay #: 063628
Total text length is 20,008 characters (approximately 13.8 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
Earthworm Migration Behaviour
Problem Statement
Earth worms(Lumbricus terrestris) are known to migrate to the surface at various times. There do appear to be patterns to these migrations. However, there is some question regarding why they migrate to the surface. The prevalent opinion is that it is the result of changing light levels. However, other researchers suggest that the migration is related to moisture, temperature or organic material on the earth’s surface. The question is which of these factors actually stimulates earthworm migration behaviour.
Relevance of the Question
This question is relevant for a number of reasons. However, the most important is that worms have a profound effect on the soil. Darwin himself noted the profound...
The end:
.....Appendix 2
More Organic Material
Total number of worms observed on surface: 5
First worm seen: 9 min 42 seconds.
All worms on surface: 45 min and 7 seconds.
Did they stay long: no, collected material and left.
Deibert, E.J. and Utter, R.A.(2003, Jan/Feb), Earthworm
(Lumbricidae) survey of North Dakota fields placed in the
U.S. Conservation Reserve Program. Journal of Soil and
Water Conservation,58(1): 39-46.
Harris, C.Leon(1992), Concepts in Zoology, Harper Collins
Stewart, Amy(2004, Winter), Darwin’s Worms, The Wilson
Quarterly,28(1): 48-55.
Sytsma, S. (2009). The basics of experimental design [a quick
and non-technical guide]. Accessed 29 October 2010.