Critical Evaluation of Four Nursing Articles Your Name Goes Here Institutional Affiliation Goes Here Article One: In “Three Philosophical Approaches to the Study Of Spirituality,” authors Susan T. Tinley and Anita Y. Kinney postulate that “three philosophical paradigms: empiricism, interpretive, and poststructuralist” (2007, p. 71) that express the range of the spiritual approaches to nursing practice. In attempting to define this elusive distinction, the authors present “exemplar” (Tinley & Kinney, 2007, p. 73) literature that corresponds to particular paradigms through which a lens of comparison can be formed. This lens could potentially impact the effective practice of nurses, as “There is little disagreement that spirituality…is...The end:
..... greater medical science community” (Gortner, 2000, p. 66). This sense of commitment to a greater ethical value is at the heart of Gortner’s article. It is a commitment that is captivating, and demonstrative. References Gortner, S. (2000). Knowledge development in nursing: Our historical roots and future opportunities. Nursing Outlook, 48, 60-7. Higgins, P. & Moore., S. (2000). Levels of theoretical thinking in nursing . Nursing Outlook, 48(4), 179-183. Reed, P. (1995). A treatise on nursing knowledge development for the 21st century: Beyond postmodernism. Advances in Nursing Science, 17(3), 70-84. Tinley, S., & Kinney, A. (2007). Three philosophical approaches to the study of spirituality. Advances in Nursing Science, 30(1), 71-80.