Creating a New World for Europeans: De Bry’s Engravings


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Essay #: 071387
Total text length is 8,004 characters (approximately 5.5 pages).

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The beginning:
Creating a New World for Europeans: De Bry’s Engravings
In 1585, Sir Richard Grenville set sail for the Americas on orders from the Queen to survey the landscape and prepare for colonization. On that expedition, in addition to soldiers and sailors and an Anglican minister, was John White, an artist. He went ashore and recorded the images of the Indians, their villages, and their culture in a series of paintings used to accompany a written text about the new world. The work was published five years later; however, Theodore De Bry turned the watercolors into engravings and considerably altered White’s originals. What accounts for the differences? In this essay four of De Bry’s engravings will be compared and contrasted to White’s original...
The end:
.....rawings into landscapes, people, and activities that were more in keeping with European tastes and ways of life at that time. De Bry made the Indian’s land more appealing by adding in farmland and lush vegetation, and food – prey, fish, and crops. He made the people themselves more appealing by giving them European features, skin color and mannerisms. And finally, he created scenes by changing the Indian’s activities, to also make them more palatable to Europeans. Therefore, De Bry added to the colonial mission by allowing Europeans to want to go to the Americas because they could see themselves living there.
Horn, James, A Kingdom Strange: The Brief and Tragic History of the Lost Colony of Roanoke.
New York: Basic Books, 2010.