Courage in Archidamus and Plato This paper will analyze the explanation of courage in Archidamus’ speech to Spartans in relation to shame, self- control, moderation and good- judgment all of which were considered valued virtues in the Spartan society. Next, Archidamus’ explanation will be compared and contrasted to the ideals for guardians and their education as Socrates’ explains them in Plato’s Republic. This analysis will show that Socratic education is supposed to produce citizens similar to those described by Archidamus. Thucydides gives us King Archidamus speech to his fellow citizens in On Justice Power and Human Nature. In his speech the King is preparing Spartans for the war with Athens. Spartans are not in a good position to...The end:
.....He also speaks moderately of his enemies and their future treatment by Spartans. But, as we can see from Socrates’ words, this type of ideal citizen has to be educated for long time. Socrates’ education that promotes harmony between body and mind results in a courageous person as King Archidamus describes him. Harmony leads to moderation and courage producing a person that has a high level of self- control. Without self- control Plato’s guardian acts irrationally and brings shame. Word Count: 1482 Works Cited: Plato. Republic. Trans. G.M.A. Grube . Rev. C.D.C. Reeve. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company Inc., 1992. Thucydides . On Justice Power and Human Nature. Trans. Paul Woodruff. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company Inc., 1993.