Confucian and Taoist Theories on Macrocosm and Microcosm

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Essay #: 066545
Total text length is 9,621 characters (approximately 6.6 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
Confucian and Taoist Theories on Macrocosm and Microcosm
There are some very strong connections between Buddhist, Taoist, and Confucian philosophy, such as the fact that these approaches to life all stress that people have an inherent evolutionary potential toward continued growth, even towards perfection, along a path. At the same time, these philosophies also demonstrate that there is a difference between what is known as the macrocosm, in other words, all life, space and time, and the microcosm, which represents a human being’s own path. People were better off, and thus society was better off, when there was a recognition of the interconnectedness of these two positions of approaching problems in life. Both Taoist and Confucian points...
The end:
.....is reflection would have a greater focus on actions that allow others to find comfort via the idea of microcosm. At the same time, both Taoist and Confucian philosophy require a recognition of the concepts of macrocosm and microcosm. In this way, both Taoist thought and Confucian thought place the Tao, or the path, at the center of their philosophy and as their goal. The difference between Taoism and Confucianism is seen in the words they have chosen to express how to move along this path towards enlightenment.
References
Asian Studies 372. (2011). Lecture Notes.
De Bary, W. & Bloom, I., eds. (1999). Sources of Chinese Tradition. New York: Columbia University Press.
Zurcher, E. (1959). The Buddhist Conquest of China. Leiden: E.J. Brill.