Comparing Mencius and Xunzi on the State The following paper will compare The Mencius and The Xunzi. The paper will look specifically at the role of government or politics in each of these texts and shall explore how government is created and how it is legitimated. In general, Mencius and Xunzi do appear to share the same general view insofar as they stress that a king must serve the people and must be generous and benevolent. The main difference is that Xunzi does appear to place great emphasis upon a chain of command – he values order – and he is less supportive of the idea that humans are basically good and perfectible. To start first with Mencius, we know from the material that the role of government is to be just, humane and to...The end:
.....r is that both are agreed that a good leader will rule for the people and will be humane and generous and judicious; the vanity of the king must never supersede the needs of the people. By reviewing their work, we have to conclude that they are men who largely saw the world in the same way and, presumably, saw that kings who manifested certain traits invariably did a better job than kings who did not. Works Cited Mencius. “Selections from the Mencius.” De Bary, William Theodore. Sources of Chinese Tradition, vol.1, 2nd Edition. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999. 114-159. Xunzi. “Selections from the Xunzi.” De Bary, William Theodore. Sources of Chinese Tradition, vol.1, 2nd Edition. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999. 161-182.