Classical Political Philosophy

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Essay #: 054993
Total text length is 10,473 characters (approximately 7.2 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
Classical Political Philosophy
1.
The Republic lays out its educational scheme for guardians in a chronological manner, beginning with birth and extending into late middle age. At the earliest stage of life, Plato argues that a form of moral instruction is the sine qua non: “it is most important that the tales which the young first hear should be models of virtuous thoughts.”
Plato has specific forms of virtue in mind. For example, the virtue discussed here does not consist of knowing the whole truth and choosing to act in virtuous ways, but of being virtuous because one has no other model of action. As part of guardian education at this preliminary stage, children will simply not be told any stories—even true stories—that could lead to...
The end:
.....ernment, not because it is ideal but because it has the advantage over aristocracy and oligarchy.
That said, Aristotle’s idea of a democracy is unrecognizable to us. He concedes that freeman (as opposed to slaves and women) “should have absolute power in some things,” but adds a belief that people of property should be political leaders, because they are said to act on the principles of virtue. Aristotle does not map how the possession of land should automatically lead to a sense of virtue, but there his position rests.
References
Aristotle. Politics. Project Gutenberg. Web. 3 November
2009. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/6762/6762.txt.
Plato. The Republic. Project Gutenberg. Web. 3 November
2009. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/150/150.txt.