China’s Failure to Democratize How power hungry elitism in China explains authoritarianism in South Korea before 1987 Bruce Gilley argues that the main reason for China’s persistent failure to democratize lies in the power hungry elites who have long managed the country; these powerful individuals, who evidently harbour control over the institutional levers of the state, have used their might and influence to thwart democratic reform. After exploring Gilley’s thesis, this paper will look at how the key personalities in the Chun Regime of South Korea appear to explain why this country was mired in heavy-handed authoritarian rule for so long prior to 1987. As will become clear, when the elites have all the power, handle the levers of the...The end:
.....d for reasons that are apparently unknown. As one final point, he also gave himself the right to remove from the scene “corrupt” politicians who might damage the state as it embarked on a new order. Armed with this power and his military connections, he could do as he pleased. To end, powerful elites really can destroy democracy because all of the power is in their hands; if they want to thwart democratic reform, then the state can be enlisted to ensure that things are done as the elites want. Works Cited Gilley, Bruce. China’s Democratic Future. Columbia: Columbia University Press, 2005. Mongabay.com. “South Korea – the Chun Regime,” 2010 http://www.mongabay.com/history/south_korea/south_korea-the_chun_regime.html (accessed April 7, 2010).