Bipolar Disorder and Circadian Rhythms

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Essay #: 054713
Total text length is 9,175 characters (approximately 6.3 pages).

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The beginning:
Bipolar Disorder and Circadian Rhythms
Bipolar disorder is a chronic, erratic, and recurring mood disorder (
Rapaport
& Hales, 2003). It has been linked to many other health issues, including multiple sclerosis, diabetes, anxiety, and migraines. This disorder is characterized by mood swings that are at times rapid cycling, as well as changes in physical energy and well-being. Once thought to be only an affective disorder, bipolar disorder has been found to have biological triggers, including neurotransmitter imbalances and disrupted circadian rhythms. Long known to be a component of bipolar disorder symptoms, difficulty in sleeping may actually be a contributing factor in the disorder itself, particularly in terms of temporal and...
The end:
..... 820-829.
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, T., &
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, J. R. (2009). Circadian polymorphisms associated with affective disorders. Journal of Circadian Rhythms, 7(2). Retrieved October 2009 from http://www.jcircadianrhythms.com/content/pdf/1740-3391-7-2.pdf
doi
: 10.1186/1740-3391-7-2
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Rapaport
, M. H., & Hales, D. J. (2003). Relapse prevention and bipolar disorder: A focus on bipolar depression. Focus, 1(1), 15-31.