Behavioral Modification in "A Clockwork Orange" by Stanley Kubrick This film study will analyze the important aspects of behavioral modification that arise in Stanley Kubrick’s A Clockwork Orange. By using Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Skinner’s Operant Conditioning to define the motivations of the main character, Alex, (Anthony McDowell), the Ludovico Technique pacifies and inverts the once violent criminal mind. By evaluating the previous lower level facets of Maslow’s hierarchy via physiological needs (through violence and crime), the latter stages of the film will be analyzed after the Ludovico Technique has apparently given him the motivation of self-esteem and self-actualization as a “healthy" person. By understanding the...The end:
.....Alex’s past love of violence and music into a painful experience. This “aversion” style of conditioning uses associations to help force Alex into behaving in a way that matches Maslow’s higher order of behavior, which results in the self-actualization of a peace loving and pacified personae. While his freedom to “self-actualize” this type persona without brain washing scientist forcing him to “reform”, these are the primary uses of Skinner’s Operant Conditioning and Maslow’s Needs as defined in the behavior of Alex in A Clockwork Orange. References: A Clockwork Orange. (2001). Dirs. Stanley Kubrick. Perfs. Malcolm MacDowell, Patrick Magee. USA; Warner Brothers. Maslow, A. (1998). Toward a Psychology of Being, Third Edition. New York: Wiley.