Axons, Dendrites and Synapses


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Essay #: 068250
Total text length is 5,551 characters (approximately 3.8 pages).

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The beginning:
Axons, Dendrites and Synapses
Axons are the lengthy part of a nerve cell, also known as a neuron. They serve to extend the neurons to the desired length and help to carry the neural signals. Noback, Strominger, Demarest, and Ruggiero (2005) argued that "each axon, including its collateral branches, usually terminates as an arbor of fine fibers; each fiber ends as an enlargement called a bouton" (p. 11). Not all neurons have an axon. However, neurons can never have more than one axon at a time. Axons touch other cells within the body, usually other neurons. When axons touch cells other than neurons, they do so at junctions called synapses.
Perhaps the easiest way to describe axons is that they are like telephone lines. They primarily...
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..... ingestion of either stimulants or depressants. Because of this, they can be firing rapidly or slowly respectively, depending on the substance ingested. Students can be asked to observe their reactions after eating or drinking caffeine-based substances to try and gauge if they were stimulated or not.
Cherry, K. (n.d.). Structure of a neuron. In Dendrites –
Structure and function of dendrites. Retrieved from
Noback, C.R., Strominger, N.L., Demarest, R.J., & Ruggiero, D.A.
(2005). The human nervous system: Structure and function.
Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
The Synapse. (n.d.). Neuroscience for kids. Retrieved from