Using Aristotle’s Rhetorical Strategies to Examine S.I. Hayakawa’s Essay about Bilingualism in America Aristotle is one of the world’s most well-known philosophers and the predominate expert about argumentative writing. Aristotle contended that there are three main ways to appeal to an audience: ethos, logos, and pathos. Ethos is an ethical appeal where writers attempt establish themselves as experts or authorities on the topic. Writers will often talk of their prestigious backgrounds and accomplishments as a means to gain the readers’ respect and as a way to engage them to read further. Logos appeals to readers by using reasoning, logic, and evidence such as facts and figures that supports their claims. Finally, there is pathos which...The end:
.....elf seems overcome by emotion. When arguing about something as important as creating a Constitutional amendment to make English the official language of the United States of America, a writer should rely more on logos than pathos. Pathos might incite the passions of readers, but pushing an amendment through a rigorous political process takes much more than emotional statements. It requires laying out one’s position with irrefutable facts and figures to convince people that proceeding with the writer’s plan is the only logical solution. Hayakawa fails miserably on this count. Works Cited Hayakawa, S.I. “Bilingualism in America: English Should Be the Official Language.” The Reader. Ed. James C. McDonald. London: Longman, 2009. 234-237. Print.