Aristotle and Kant on the Topic of Free Will Free will is a highly debated topic in philosophy. Presuming that we can only be held morally responsible for those actions that we perform of our own volition, determining the source and scope of our freedom is a necessary prerequisite to understanding the source and scope of moral responsibility. Discussing free will raises a number of metaphysical problems. Primary is the problem of determinism. Determinism is the belief that acts of the will are predetermined by natural laws (O’Connor). If we are subject to predictable and unchanging physical laws, then we have no freedom to do what we want. Some philosophers argue that free will is an illusion while others argue that determinism is also an...The end:
..... way and lets us evaluate the importance of choice and deliberation in our life. While he does not specifically define responsible actions, he does give clear guidelines of what constitutes ignorance and compulsion. Unlike Kant, this analysis of how choices are presented to humans creates a far more realistic picture. Works Cited Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics. Translated by W. D. Ross. 1 December 2009. <http://virtuescience.com/nicomachean-ethics.html>. Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Practical Reason. Translated by Thomas Kingmill Abbot. Forgotten Books, 2008. O'Connor, Timothy, "Free Will", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2008 Edition). 1 December 2009. <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2008/entries/freewill/>.