Antibiotic Prescription in Acute Bronchitis Acute bronchitis is a self-limiting upper respiratory illness that causes inflammation of the bronchial lining. The inflammation is usually caused by viruses and antibiotics are not needed as part of the treatment. Health professionals often prescribe antibiotics because patients expect antibiotics as part of the treatment (Wong, Blumberg & Lowe, 2006). The purpose of this paper is to discuss why antibiotics should be withheld in most cases of acute bronchitis and the role of patient education in reducing the amount of unnecessary use of antibiotics for treatment. Prevalence and epidemiology The prevalence of acute bronchitis in a study by Macfarlane et al. (2001) was 44 per 1000 adults per...The end:
.....iotic prescribing for acute bronchitis and cough and hospital admissions for respiratory infections: time trends analysis." Ambulatory antibiotic prescribing for acute bronchitis and cough and hospital admissions for respiratory infections: time trends analysis. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 99(7): 358-62. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2010). Management of uncomplicated acute bronchitis. Retrieved from http://www.ngc.gov/content.aspx?id=16317&search=bronchitis Wong, D.M., Blumberg, D.A. & Lowe, L.G. (2006). Guidelines for the Use of Antibiotics in Acute Upper Respiratory Tract Infections. American Family Physician, 74(6), 956-966. Worrall, G. (2008). Acute bronchitis. Canadian Family Physician, 54, 238-9.