Anatomy in the Renaissance Vesalius, Da Vinci, and the Emergence of Modern Medicine The beginning of modern medicine began with the end of proscriptions against human dissection in the 13th century. From the anatomical writings of the Greek physician Galen, who had dissected monkeys during the days of the Roman Empire, to the dissection of pigs by the medical students at the University of Salerno in the Middle Ages, knowledge about human anatomy was restricted by religious dictates and cultural biases, as Sandra Sider writes in her text, Handbook to Life in Renaissance Europe. The study of human anatomy spread from one European country to another principally through the work of academic surgeons like Andreas Vesalius, the use of anatomical...The end:
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