An Introduction to Philosophy

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Essay #: 059580
Total text length is 5,754 characters (approximately 4.0 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
An Introduction to Philosophy
Section II
Anselm claims to draw the existence of God from the concept of a being than which no greater can be conceived. He reasoned that, if such a being fails to exist, then a greater being—namely, a being of which no greater can be conceived, and which exists—can be conceived. But this would be absurd: nothing can be greater than a being than which no greater can be conceived. So a being than which no greater can be conceived—i.e., God does exist.
Form of argument used in natural theology to prove the existence of God. Thomas Aquinas, in his Summa
theologiae
, offered two versions of the cosmological argument: the first-cause argument and the argument from contingency. The first-cause argument begins with...
The end:
.....n that of alternative lower (largely bodily) pleasures.
Section VI
Social Contract Theory is the view that persons’ moral and/or political obligations are dependent upon a contract or agreement between them to form society. The notion of the social contract implies that the people give up sovereignty to a government or other authority in order to receive or maintain social order through the rule of law. It can also be thought of as an agreement by the governed on a set of rules by which they are governed. Libertarian theory on the other hand, believe that individuals should have complete freedom of action, provided the actions do not infringe on the freedom of others.
Nozick
is a libertarian and
Rawl’s
theory is that of the social contract.