Accuracy of Taking Temperatures

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Essay #: 051434
Total text length is 6,400 characters (approximately 4.4 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
Accuracy of Taking Temperatures 
Tympanically
 
Introduction 
Tympanic temperature readings are satisfactory for certain situations but not for the vast majority of nursing encounters. Measures of temperature have to be accurate and are critical in the assessment and management of patients in acute care. The question underlying the literature review concerns just how accurate tympanic thermometers might be. Not every type of thermometer has the same level of accuracy. Nursing is a profession which strongly emphasizes best evidence and best practice so that a review of the evidence is essential. Among the issues associated with tympanic thermometers is the site, which refers to the type of unit and the anatomy of the patient. Another issue...
The end:
..... thermometer. 
References
Fetzer
, S. & Lawrence, A. (2008). Tympanic membrane versus temporal artery temperatures of adult 
perianesthesis
 patients. Journal of 
PeriAnesthesis
 Nursing, 23(4), 230-236.  
Giantin
, V. & 
Toffanello
, E. (2008). Reliability of body temperature measurements in hospitalized older patients. The Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17, 1518-1531.
Hooper, V. & Andrews, J. (2006). Accuracy of noninvasive core temperature measurement in acutely ill adults: The state of the science. Biological Research for Nursing, 8(1), 24-34.
Smitz
, S. & Van de 
Winckel
, A. (2009). Reliability of infrared ear thermometry in the prediction of rectal temperature in older patients. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 18, 451-456.