A Research Protocol on the Role of Foot Impairment in Risk of Falls

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Essay #: 059724
Total text length is 15,222 characters (approximately 10.5 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
A Research Protocol to Determine the Efficacy of Podiatry Interventions to Improve Balance and Prevent Falls in Older People: A Randomized Control Trial
Abstract
It is well recognized that falls result from an interaction between environmental hazards and a broad array of physiological risk factors, especially the sequelae of aging. However, one potentially significant falls risk factor that has only recently been explored is foot impairment. Foot problems affect one in three community-dwelling people over the age of 65 years, and are associated with difficulty performing activities of daily living. Given the emerging evidence that foot problems and inappropriate footwear increase the risk of falls, it has been suggested that podiatry may...
The end:
.....complex understanding of foot function.
Discussion
While current guidelines generally recommend multifactor interventions, a recent meta-analysis has highlighted that a single targeted intervention can be as effective as multifactor fall prevention programs. The current study targets podiatry interventions using a two-pronged approach. The trial interventions are all management strategies commonly used by podiatrists for treatment of foot-related problems in the general population. While there is some evidence that these interventions can improve balance, this is one of the few studies to combine specific foot, insole and shoe related interventions in a falls prevention trial.
Conflict of Interest
There is no competing conflict of interest.