A Brief Biography of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and James McKeen Cattell

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Essay #: 065439
Total text length is 8,317 characters (approximately 5.7 pages).

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The beginning:
A Brief Biography of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and James McKeen Cattell
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Rousseau’s primary influence on psychology is the way that pre-destiny influenced the moral debate about the psychology of the nurture/ nature argument during his lifetime. The powerful policies of religion in Rousseau’s era inspired a new type of freedom in which natural rights (as promoted in his Social Contract) denied that original sin (being born evil) and other religious dogmas defined our birth and behavioral growth as human beings. In this view, the ‘natural rights’ of children helped to foster a new approach toward educating young people through their innate goodness. This type of goodness helped to establish and reinforce previous ‘tabula...
The end:
..... Cattell had created Science Press as a literary business foundation for bringing psychology into a respectable and objective field of study. This is how Cattell used his administrative and organizational skills to promote psychology as a 20th century innovator in publishing and by leading the APA in its earliest years.
References
Ginzburg, L. (1991). On psychological prose. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Hergenehahn, B.R. (2005). An introduction to the history of psychology. New York: Cengage Learning.
“History of psychology at Penn.” (2010). University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved December 17, 2010 from http://www.psych.upenn.edu/history/history.htm
Rousseau, J.J. (2003). Emile or the treatise on education. New York: Prometheus.