Chemical Warfare: An Analysis

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Essay #: 072213
Total text length is 15,026 characters (approximately 10.4 pages).

Excerpts from the Paper

The beginning:
Chemical Warfare: An Analysis
Introduction
Chemicals were first used in warfare in ancient times, primarily in the form
of sulfer mixed with pitch resin, which created noxious fumes intended to incapacitate enemy soldiers, but these attempts had little effect and chemical warfare was virtually nonexistent until the 19th century, when sulfer may have been used during the American Civil War as a counter-tunneling device.
Chemical warfare was resorted to in World War One because generals on both sides had concluded that it was virtually impossible to break the stalemate of trench warfare through conventional artillery and infantry attacks. Chlorine and mustard gas were the most commonly used chemical agents and inflicted significant numbers...
The end:
.....Tucker, War of Nerves: Chemical Warfare from World War I To Al-Qaeda (New
York: Anchor, 2007). p. 193.
Henry Sokolski, "Looming Security Threats, Rethinking Bio-Chemical Dangers", Orbis, Spring
2000.
CRS Report for Congress, “High Threat Chemical Agents: Characteristics, Effects, and Policy
Implications.” Online.
Ibid. pp.4-5.
Ibid. pp. 6-7.
Ibid. p.7.
Chemical Casualty Care Division, Medical Management of Chemical Casualties Handbook,
Third Edition (Fort Lewis, WA: United States Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical
Defense, August, 1999). pp. 29.
Gert Harigel, Chemical and Biological Weapons (New York: Nuclear Age Peace Foundation,
2001). p. 18.
Ibid. p.29.
“The Chemical Weapons Convention.” Arms Control Association. Online.